Golez: Big US-India pushback vs China in Indian Ocean, a reaction to China's aggressiveness.
I quote from this article:
1. China's move in the Indian Ocean: "A rising great power with revisionist tendencies like China, which has already staked its claim for almost the whole of South China Sea, is now increasingly looking towards the Indian Ocean and integrating blue water capabilities in its PLN.
"The "string of pearls" and the OBOR initiative manifest an ominous Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean region for the Indian security establishment and is a matter of great concern for Indian as well as the US navy."
2. The Malabar Exercise, emerging US-India naval alliance: "The bonhomie between nations at the diplomatic level has led to strong defence relations between the armed forces of nations, especially the navy. One of the most noticeable features of the Indo-US maritime co-operation is the Malabar naval exercises. Japan, Australia and Singapore have also participated in the exercises, with Japan being added as a regular member of the exercise alongside India and US.
"According to some Chinese scholars, the Malabar exercises are a precursor to a more formal multilateral anti-China naval grouping. How good the argument holds is a matter of further speculation, but in spirit, the Malabar exercises can be seen as a foundation upon which further Indo-US naval co-operation can be built.
"In the field of anti-submarine warfare (ASW), there has been significant cooperation between the two countries. In May 2016, Indian and US authorities discussed building strategies on how to keep track of Chinese submarines making inroads into the Indian Ocean.
US-India Anti submarine warfare cooperation: "This joint formulation of strategies hints at how the two navies are aware of the benefits of Indo-US naval synergy in countering China. Last year, US defence secretary Ashton Carter and defence minister Manohar Parrikar in a joint statement vowed to deepen Indo-US military ties and the focus was on ASW co-operation. One of the key areas for future ASW co-operation will be naval aviation, where both the Indian and US navy operate Boeing P-8 maritime patrol planes.
Logistics Exchange Agreement: "One of the overriding elements upon which the nature and scope of future Indo-US military cooperation hinged upon was the signing of the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA). Last year, the signing of LEMOA, which allows both countries to access each other’s facilities for repairs and supplies, between India and US can be seen as an agreement just short of a formal alliance.
"It is one the four "foundational agreements" that the US enters into with its defence partners. The signing of LEMOA has opened doors for further Indo-US maritime synergy and co-operation in the Indo-Pacific.
"With the signing of LEMOA and the existing maritime co-operation, it can be said that a naval entente has emerged between the two navies in the Indian Ocean. In the coming years, an increasingly confident Indian navy, which aims to be the "net security provider" in the Indian Ocean, will seek to ensure "secure seas" in partnership with the US navy, which is looking for a "co-operative strategy" to rebalance China in the Indo-Pacific.
US-India tactical alliance: "Without entering into any rigid alliance framework, a tactical understanding has formed between India and the US. If the tactical entente indeed strengthens, then in the coming years it may define the true scope and meaning of US "rebalancing" in the Indo-Pacific."
https://t.co/aEmxQmQG7t via @dailyo_